The most effective way to treat muscle cramps

How to treat muscle cramps

What are cramps?

From time to time, many people suffer from muscle cramps. However, few people wonder why such states arise.

Statistics show that each person suffers from cramps at least once. It is worth worrying if such a phenomenon become a system. The convulsive syndrome is defined as a pathological condition characterized by unconscious reductions in the muscular system. And cramps can occur in one specific place or spread to a whole group of muscles. There are many reasons for this disease. There are certain medications for each case. The main thing is to conduct the correct diagnosis. A proper treatment can be prescribed only by a qualified doctor.

Causes of the appearance of muscle cramps

It is possible to distinguish the following reasons for the appearance of cramps in different age groups of the population:

  • the emergence of various neuroinfectious diseases, for example, meningitis or encephalitis;
  • deviations in the development of brain activity;
  • hypoxia;
  • lack of calcium, glucose, and magnesium in the blood;
  • the appearance of gestosis during pregnancy;
  • severe intoxication;
  • severe forms of dehydration;
  • complex diseases of the nervous system;
  • high fever and respiratory infections;
  • birth trauma in newborns;
  • pathology of metabolic processes;
  • epilepsy;
  • various brain tumors; and
  • craniocerebral trauma

Even a bright light and loud sound can affect the appearance of seizures. A hereditary factor also plays an important role.

According to specialists, muscle cramps can be of two types:

  • generalized (tonic, clonic, tonic-clonic, and myoclonic),
  • partial (simple and complex).

Neurontin is the best drug for treating partial seizures

Neurontin is used to treat the partial seizures. It should be noted that partial seizures are characterized by the absence of loss of consciousness. Such states are very rare. They are manifested by clonic convulsions, involving the muscles of the hands, feet, and face. Neurontin can be purchased in the form of hard gelatin capsules of white color. They consist of a white or yellowish drug powder. The active ingredient of this drug is gabapentin. It also contains additional substances in the form of sodium carboxymethyl starch, calcium stearate, and microcrystalline cellulose. This medication is sold in cardboard packs, which may include where either polymeric jars with capsules or contour cells.

How does the medicine Gabapentin work?

The instruction says that this drug is very similar in structure to the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (abbreviated GABA). However, it should be noted that its principle of action is fundamentally different from other drugs that interact with GABA receptors (for example, valproic acid, barbiturates, benzodiazepine, GABA transaminase inhibitors, GABA capture inhibitors, GABA agonists and prodrugs of GABA).

Gabapentin is very effective in neuropathic pain. The administration of this drug reduces glutamate-dependent neuronal death, increases the synthesis of GABA, as well as the process of suppression and release of the neurotransmitters of the monoamine group.

How should I take the medicine Gabapentin?

This drug should be prescribed only by an experienced doctor after the diagnosis has been made. Gelatin capsules are taken orally, swallowing them in a whole form. The drug should be taken regardless of food, with plenty of liquid. If you want to reduce the dosage, cancel the medication or replace it with an analog, then it should be done gradually for a period of one week.

The effective dose for partial seizures is considered to be 900-2400 mg per day. Therapy of this disease can be started with 300 mg of the drug three times a day. In the Subsequently, the daily dose should be increased to 900 mg, and then to 2,400 mg per day (divided into three equal doses). The time interval between doses of the drug with its three-time intake should not be more than 12 hours (in order to avoid the resumption of seizures).